Statement of the problem teenage pregnancy
In these countries, teenage birth rate births per women aged 15—19 ranges from in Niger to in the Central African Republic.
In a later chapter of this report, we address this question by focusing exclusively on those who have chosen to initiate into risky behaviors at early ages. Adolescents have access to these institutions free of charge. In this chapter, we report results of regressions relating adult outcomes to adolescent risky behaviors, family structure, parents' education, and parental alcoholism.
Each year, it is estimated that someadolescent females become parents before completing high school in the United States. Teenage mother receives medical care during pregnancy, birth, and after birth free of charge.
Health Communication Problem Statement Teen pregnancy is a major problem in the United States that has economic, educational, and health implications all across society.
Justification of teenage pregnancy
These adolescents have chosen to follow a path that has a higher likelihood of negative consequences. Nowadays, the vast majority of teenage pregnancies occur in low- and middle-income countries characterized by poor health-care services; therefore, complications during pregnancy, birth, and postpartum phase e. The goal of this study is to determine whether reduction in unintended teen pregnancy is a useful policy lever to improve school attendance by girls ensuring gender equity in school participation. Therefore, a substantial proportion of teenage pregnancies and births are therefore intended in developing countries. We re-introduce family structure and SES to address whether family environment matters for these early initiators and contributes to the successful avoidance of the potential downside effects of these behaviors. The high rates of schoolgirl pregnancies suggest that these family life programs have their shortcomings and indicate that educational policies should be used not only to reduce the incidence of schoolgirl pregnancies but also to assist pregnant schoolgirls to complete their education. Mensch et. According to the World Health Statistics , the average global birth rate among 15—19 year olds is 49 per girls, whereas country rates range from 1 to births per girls. A lot of gaps also exist in record keeping of the girls who become pregnant while in school and what becomes of them when they dropout. It is well documented that sex education programs may increase knowledge of human reproduction and methods of contraception [ 56 ]. In order to prevent teenage pregnancies, several governmental and nongovernmental programs were developed. Consequently, the percentage of teenage mothers was It is documented that Hildegard of Vinzgouw, the second wife of Charlemagne, was about 14 years old when she delivered her first son in AD. After compulsory basic school for 4 years, pupils have the option to visit higher-learning institutions that prepare one for university for 8 or 9 years, or to go on to vocational-preparatory schools for 5 years. For example in , the teen birthrate among non Hispanic Blacks was
Also, the measurement of these outcomes may be deceptive. Hispanic teens overall have higher teen birthrates then all other ethnic groups.
A significant contribution of this study is that outcomes are measured well into adulthood and not immediately at or near adolescence.
Other research has established that family environment is important for a successful transition into adulthood.
Effects of teenage pregnancy
Using data collected in selected schools in Embu Municipality, this study examines the factors associated with schoolgirl pregnancy as well as the likelihood of school dropout and subsequent re-enrollment of schoolgirls who become pregnant. It is documented that Hildegard of Vinzgouw, the second wife of Charlemagne, was about 14 years old when she delivered her first son in AD. The findings of this chapter should lay the groundwork for future research into the factors that influence the pathways that lead to a successful transition from adolescence to adulthood. Usually, the first ovulation takes place after the first menstrual bleeding, the menarche [ 8 ]. Given a set of relationships between adolescence and adulthood, the natural step is to investigate the pathways between these two points. Young girls can contact gynecologists in special consulting hours at private practices and hospitals free of charge to get information regarding contraception, abortion but also medical care during pregnancy. We explore adulthood along several domains: health, economic success, family formation, and incarceration. Biological basis of teenage pregnancy A girl can conceive from sexual intercourse as early as she started to ovulate. Particularly for those who give such dominant concerns as financial issues, family obligations, or lack of interest in school, a pregnancy may serve as an unacknowledged catalyzing force for timing of school dropout.
Consequently, the most important strategies to avoid teenage pregnancies are improved education of girls, the introduction or improvement of sexual education, and the availability of cheap and easy to use contraceptives [ 153 ].
based on 92 review