Socio-economic development in india essay

Late Prof. The factors can also define regions and neighborhoods. However, just like other developing countries, the economy of India is also faced with numerous challenges. In addition, foreign direct investment FDI in China brought with it new technology and processes that boosted efficiency.

State-owned enterprises were to be privatised. Prosperity in one country may breed prosperity in another but it may also create difficulties by provoking consumption that it cannot afford and which it should avoid for some time at any rate. This, in turn, paved the way for sustainable development and economic growth of the country.

Essay on socio-economic issues in india

The employment opportunities in many sectors including IT and transport have increased. Thus C. For instance, in India, Dandekar and Rath found that 40 per cent of rural population in India lived below the poverty line in It shows change in the way goods and services are produced but on the other hand economic growth only indicates an increase in significant output, it may or may not involve development. It may also be due to allurement of superior levels of living. The demonstration effect aggravates propensity to consume and reduces capacity to save which is a serious impediment to economic development. Caste related violence : Caste-related violence and hate crimes in India have occurred despite the gradual reduction of casteism in the country. It was pointed out that the problems of poverty, underemployment of underdeveloped economies were quite different and required special analysis. Kindleberger writes, Economic growth means more output and economic development implies both more output and changes in the technical and institutional arrangements by which it is produced. Terrorism : Terrorism in India has often been alleged to be sponsored by Pakistan. Search our content:. The entrepreneurial class in India is, in fact, aping western modes of living and squandering away profits which they should plough back into investment.

Since then, the whole scenario of economic development of India has changed dramatically. The government of the country assessed the problematic areas and came up with policies to raise its economy. The merchandise exports and imports of India are growing at a good rate.

Economic development involves improvements in a variety of indicators such as literacy rates, life expectancy, and poverty rates but econommic growth does not take into account other aspects such as leisure time, environmental quality, freedom, or social justice.

Keynes remained occupied with the problem of involuntary unemployment and depression as severe depression causing huge unemployment took place in in the industrialized countries.

write an essay on problems and growth of indian economy

For this, economists laid stress on capital accumulation, mobilization of surplus labour for growth and industrialization based on import-substitution through economic planning and with active role of the government.

All these become possible only with the active participation of women who are the catalysts of qualitative growth of future generation as well.

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Long and Short Essay on Indian Economy in English for Children and Students