Operant conditioning key features

instrumental conditioning

This also tends to lead to a fast response rate and slow extinction rate. Reinforcement and punishment are principles that are used in operant conditioning. According to the law of effect, behaviors that are followed by consequences that are satisfying to the organism are more likely to be repeated, and behaviors that are followed by unpleasant consequences are less likely to be repeated.

classical and operant conditioning

In short, some consequences strengthen behavior and some consequences weaken behavior. With a fixed-ratio schedule, there are a set number of responses that must occur before the behavior is rewarded. For most people, jumping into a cool lake on a very hot day would be reinforcing and the cool lake would be innately reinforcing—the water would cool the person off a physical needas well as provide pleasure.

characteristics of skinners operant conditioning theory

For example, if you do a good job at work and your manager gives you a bonus. Skinner that applies the principles of conditioning to the modification of socially significant human behavior.

Principles of operant conditioning ppt

A reinforcement is used to strengthen a desired behaviour, they can either be positive or negative. In many cases, practitioners use operant techniques to develop constructive, socially acceptable behaviors to replace aberrant behaviors. Through repetition, the person learns to associate the first seemingly unrelated stimuli with the second. It is a very useful tool for training animals, such as dogs, to perform difficult tasks. Sounds that are not appropriate are ignored and not reinforced and therefore not repeated. Skinner was a behavioral psychologist who expanded the field by defining and elaborating on operant conditioning. He conducted research into the effect of timing on conditioning with Charles B. The following are some examples. New York: Wiley. By plotting escape time against trial number Thorndike produced the first known animal learning curves through this procedure.

Teach a child to stop hitting his baby sister? Patients who were on their medication showed the opposite to be the case, positive reinforcement proving to be the more effective form of learning when dopamine activity is high.

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Operant Conditioning (B.F. Skinner)