How successful was louis xiv in
Louis XIV followed many Machiavellian teachings but conspicuously disregarded others, due to some of his fiscal policies or lack of them and personal tendencies.
Louis used intendants, or administrative officers, to establish royal power in the provinces. Initially, Louis XVI resisted, declared the Assembly null and void and called out the army to restore order.
It wasn't until Mazarin died inwhen Louis XIV was in his 20s, that the young king finally took control of the French government.
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Late sixteenth century political theorists believed that sovereign power consisted of the authority to make laws, tax, administer justice, control the state's administrative system, and determine foreign policy. Louis responded by calling a special assembly of French clergy and direct ing them to draw up a Declaration of Gallican Liberties. The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown. It is now time that I govem them myself. In the s, Louis claimed the regale or the right of the French king to appoint the lower clergy and collect the revenues of a diocese when it was vacant. The dramatic blow came on March Though initially charmed by her personality, the French people eventually came to loathe Marie Antoinette, accusing her of being promiscuous and sympathetic to French enemies. In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period. A strong navy allowed France to adopt an aggressive expansionist policy in both colonization and commerce. By diminishing the power of the nobility and eliminating feudalism, Louis XIV transformed France into a centralized state and became one of its most powerful monarchs.
He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes. To the aristocracy, this rebellion represented a protest against and a reversal of their political demotion from vassals to courtiers.
Additionally, in the colonies, only Roman Catholics could own slaves, and these had to be baptised. Al though they were forbidden to leave France, it is esti mated thatHuguenots left for shelter in En gland, the United Provinces, and the German states.
Know more about the one of the most famous monarchs in history by studying the 10 major accomplishments of Louis XIV. Louis XIV also appreciated the arts and, through his support, there was great cultural development during his reign.
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With Fouquet dismissed, Colbert reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation. Reform proved difficult because the taille was levied by officers of the Crown who had purchased their post at a high price: punishment of abuses necessarily lowered the value of the post. Citation Information. The interest on the debt was reduced from 52 million to 24 million livres. In , the devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV in , which had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots. A strong navy allowed France to adopt an aggressive expansionist policy in both colonization and commerce. In this famous work, Voltaire presented the age of Louis XIV as the fourth and greatest, describing it as the best ever in terms of arts and philosophy. In an attempt to overthrow the crown, they waged a civil war, called the Fronde, against its supporters.
These powers made a ruler sovereign. During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars. In this conflict, Louis XIV appeared to many of his subjects to place his personal interests above his country's, as his goal was to defend the right of his grandson, Philip V, to inherit the Spanish Empire.
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