Mentalizing is fundamentally the cognitive skill of understanding why people do what they do. This will be especially true if we can develop intervention methods that influence function at different levels of organization and demonstrate the mechanisms of cross-level effects.
To some of us it is obvious that biological, psychological and social factors are in reality integrated and that biopsychosocial medicine seeks to elucidate this reality. We need to find ways to explain the biopsychosocial model in biomedical terms, i.
Also, this particular framework views health as the complete absence of disease, pain or defect. With such a diverse set of influences, the new framework seeks to explain more rather than narrow explanations down.
However, now that chronic non-infectious diseases prevail, its efficacy has not only become questionable, but also the issue has been raised of its economic justification.
References: Engel GL. Since the brain is in the body, the mechanisms of brain-body interaction will be more readily understandable than mind-body interactions.