The most beautiful part of the Alhambra palace. XIII, XIV and XV, the fortress becomes a citadel of high walls and defensive towers, which houses two main areas: the military zone or Alcazaba, barracks of the royal guard, and the medina or palatine city, where the famous Nasrid Palaces and the remains of the houses of nobles and plebeians who lived there.
The monarchs Ziries were in all probability the emirs who built the Alhambra, beginning in Fountain of the Lions[ edit ] In the centre of the court is the Fountain of the Lions, an alabaster basin supported by the figures of twelve lions in white marble, not designed with sculptural accuracy but as symbols of strength, power, and sovereignty.
All of this was subservient to the great Tower of the Ambassadors in the Palacio Comares, which acted as the royal audience chamber and throne room with its three arched windows dominating the city. The design of this system ensured a constant flow of water, refreshing this palatial city.
Since that date and up to now, the Alhambra, protected, restored, cared for and even improved, has been preserved for the pleasure and admiration of all.
A steep ascent leads past a fountain, erected into the main entrance of the Alhambra. The grand hall projects from the walls of the palace, providing views in three directions. According to surviving documents from the era, the red castle was quite small, and its walls were not capable of deterring an army intent on conquering.
And so the incredible neglect continued, until when the Alhambra was declared a national monument. The babbling sounds of the small fountain at the end of the pool soothes the onlooker.
There is no reference to the Alhambra as being a residence of kings until the 13th century, even though the fortress had existed since the 9th century. Similarly, the Assabica Valley, containing the Alhambra Park, lies on the west and south, and, beyond this valley, the almost parallel ridge of Monte Mauror separates it from the Antequeruela district.